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Causes of blepharitis

Blepharitis can be caused by a bacterial infection, through dysfunction of the meibomian glands or as a complication of a skin condition. It is rarely possible to determine the underlying cause of the condition as the symptoms tend to be same. Blepharitis is not infectious, and therefore you cannot catch blepharitis from another person who has the condition. 

Staphylococcal blepharitis

Staphylococcal blepharitis is thought to be caused by staphylococcus, a type of bacteria found naturally on the skin. In some people it seems that staphylococcus causes a localised infection of the eyelids, resulting in blepharitis, but why this happens in some people and not others is unclear.

Seborrhoeic blepharitis

Seborrhoeic blepharitis is closely associated with a skin condition called seborrhoeic dermatitis. In seborrhoeic dermatitis the affected skin becomes oily due to overproduction of sebum from the sebaceous glands. The skin can also appear scaly. If seborrhoeic dermatitis occurs on the eyelids, this is known as seborrhoeic blepharitis. 

Meibomian gland dysfunction

There are 30-40 meibomian glands in the upper lid (slightly less in the lower lid) and they are found just behind the eyelashes. Meibomian glands secrete meibum oil which lubricates the eye and helps to prevent the tear film from evaporating. 

If the meibomian gland does not function correctly, this may lead to eyelid inflammation. Meibomian gland dysfunction can also be a cause of dry eye disease and is often associated with skin conditions such as rosacea or acne.


The Blepha range

  • The Blepharitis Relief Kit includes the BlephaMask, BlephaCura cleansing fluid and BlephaCura Pads, providing everything you need to ease the symptoms of blepharitis.
  • BlephaMask® packagingBlephaMask® - is a high quality eye mask that holds its heat for up to 10 minutes after warming in the microwave. Applying it as a compresses for 7-10 minutes liquifies secretions which can then be removed using the BlephaCura suspension. The BlephaMask also features a temperature indicator on the box to show when the mask is the right temperature for placing over the delicate skin of the eyelids.
  • BlephaCura® packagingBlephaCura® - is a daily eye lid cleanser. It contains liposomes that have been clinically proven to reduce inflammation and irritation of the eyelids and to promote the natural healing process. It is a suspension that can be applied gently to the eye lids using the BlephaCura Pads. Available as 70ml bottles. Contains Soy lecithin, Vitamin A (palmitate), Vitamin E, Ethanol, Sodium Chlorid, Phenoxythanol, Aqua Purificata.
  • BlephaCura Pads ® - These organic cotton pads are soft and hygienic, ideal for bathing the eye and applying BlephaCura.